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DBMS > Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Couchbase vs. GraphDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Couchbase vs. GraphDB vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJavaScript DBMS libraryJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Document storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.28
Rank#72  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.36
Rank#233  Overall
#33  Document stores
#110  Relational DBMS
Score30.41
Rank#25  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1.16
Rank#139  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score2.62
Rank#94  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#10  Search engines
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlalasql.orgwww.couchbase.comgraphdb.ontotext.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqldocs.couchbase.comgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperSoftware AGAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffCouchbase, Inc.OntotextOpenLink Software
Initial release19712014201120001998
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20198.8, January 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SPARQL is used as query languageyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JavaScript APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaScript.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJava Server Pluginyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyesyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanoneShardingnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes infoConstraint checkingyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)noUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationyesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMVirtuoso
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Conferences and events

GraphDB 9.1: Knowledge Graphs with Data Provenance
Webinar, 2 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

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