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DBMS > Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Couchbase vs. GraphDB vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Couchbase vs. GraphDB vs. Trafodion

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJavaScript DBMS libraryJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Document storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.28
Rank#72  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.36
Rank#233  Overall
#33  Document stores
#110  Relational DBMS
Score30.41
Rank#25  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1.16
Rank#139  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.40
Rank#224  Overall
#106  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlalasql.orgwww.couchbase.comgraphdb.ontotext.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqldocs.couchbase.comgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationtrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperSoftware AGAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffCouchbase, Inc.OntotextApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release19712014201120002014
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20198.8, January 20192.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC++, Java
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SPARQL is used as query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JavaScript APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaScript.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJava Server PluginJava Stored Procedures
Triggersnoyesyes infovia the TAP protocolnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanoneShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replicationyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes infoConstraint checkingyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)noUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMTrafodion
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
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Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
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