DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > ActivePivot vs. Citus vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison ActivePivot vs. Citus vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameActivePivot  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn in-memory DBMS combining transactional and analytical processing to handle the aggregation of ever-changing data.Scalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelObject oriented DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.61
Rank#213  Overall
#12  Object oriented DBMS
Score1.24
Rank#151  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score0.56
Rank#218  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteactiveviam.com/­en/­products/­activepivot-in-memory-analytical-databasewww.citusdata.comwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperActiveViamPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20102014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.1, December 201810 R1, October 201812.4, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaCCC
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
macOS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLMultidimensional Expressions (MDX)yes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPost-processors in Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningShardinghorizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ActivePivotCitusPostgres-XLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Database Software Global Market Report 2020-30: Covid 19 Impact and Recovery
16 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Microsoft acquires Citus Data
24 January 2019, TechCrunch

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Citus Data Announces HIPAA-Compliant Healthcare Cloud
13 November 2018, HITInfrastructure.com

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

PostgreSQL vs. Hadoop
20 August 2016, DZone News

TransLattice offers details on PostgreSQL
15 May 2014, ZDNet

The States Can’t Blockchain
1 March 2020, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 13
24 September 2020, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL 13 Released: Performance Gains, Space Savings, Enhanced Security, Developer Experience
24 September 2020, PR Web

PostgreSQL 13 Released With Performance Improvements
24 September 2020, Phoronix

How Can PostgreSQL, The Most Advanced Open Source Relational Database, Benefit Your Company?
8 September 2020, DC Velocity

Crunchy PostgreSQL for Kubernetes Now Available Through Red Hat Marketplace
8 September 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Service Delivery Manager
Percona, Remote

PowerBuilder Developer
Stellar Technology Solutions, LLC, Stroudsburg, PA

Data Analyst (Remote)
NASWA (National Association of State Workforce Agencies), United States

PostgreSQL DBA
Aptonet, Inc, Atlanta, GA

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here