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DBMS > 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#97  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score0.37
Rank#228  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score1.56
Rank#125  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilypingcap.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmpingcap.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncMcObjectPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release198420012016
Current releasev17.0, July 20188.1, November 20193.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageC and C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBTiDB
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
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TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
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Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
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Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
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InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
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Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBTiDB
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Recent citations in the news

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