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DBMS > 4D vs. TiDB vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. TiDB vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#110  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score3.73
Rank#94  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score2.14
Rank#125  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#344  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.compingcap.comwww.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stabledocs.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
Developer4D, IncPingCAP, Inc.8Kdata
Initial release1984201620172016
Current releasev18 R5, January 20215.4.2, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageGo, RustC++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxLinuxAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infowith TiSpark Connectoryes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infocurrently only supported in syntaxyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.Role-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionTiDBTigerGraphToroDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
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Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionTiDBTigerGraphToroDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

PingCAP's TiDB Cloud Launches on Google Cloud Marketplace to Reach Developers Globally
7 June 2022, PR Newswire

PingCap TiDB 5.3 Supports Both High Volume Transaction Processing and Real-Time Analytics
4 January 2022, Database Trends and Applications

PingCAP announces Public Preview of TiDB Cloud USA - English - USA - English
10 May 2021, PR Newswire

Raft Engine: a Log-Structured Embedded Storage Engine for Multi-Raft Logs in TiKV
12 May 2022, InfoQ.com

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

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9 September 2022, InfoQ.com

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25 May 2022, TechTarget

TigerGraph Cloud update enables easier adoption, deployment
6 July 2022, TechTarget

TigerGraph Cloud adds IAM capabilities
29 June 2022, InfoWorld

TigerGraph Launches New Version of TigerGraph Cloud
29 June 2022, Datanami

provided by Google News

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