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DBMS > 4D vs. c-treeACE vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. c-treeACE vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonc-treeACE  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh speed key-value store, desgined for high availability, mission critical applications with automatic recovery and immediately consistent transaction support.Widely used in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.62
Rank#97  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.50
Rank#205  Overall
#34  Key-value stores
#98  Relational DBMS
Score121.95
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score0.79
Rank#169  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.faircom.com/­-products/­-c-treeacewww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comlearn.faircomcorp.com/­developers/­documentation_directorywww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncFairCom CorporationDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release1984197920002010
Current releasev17.0, July 2018V11.5, November 20173.31.0, January 20206.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoRestricted, free version availableOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageANSI C, C++CJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
QNX
SCO
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows infoeasily portable to other OSs
server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes, ANSI Standard SQL Typesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infoANSI SQL queriesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
Direct SQL
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Visual Basic
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes info.Net, JavaScript, C/C++nouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneFile partitioning, horizontal partitioning, sharding infoCustomizable business rules for table partitioningnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes infoSynchronous and asynchronous realtime replication based on transaction logsnoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infowhen using SQLyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoacross SQL and NoSQLyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsFine grained user, group and file access rights managed across SQL (per ANSI standard) and NoSQL.noAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th Dimensionc-treeACESQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsSpeed, reliability and consistency are the reasons businesses choose FairCom’s c-treeACE...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesTop Features High-speed transaction processing Immediately consistent, ACID-compliant,...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosc-treeACE speed, reliability, and flexibility are direct reasons this technology...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersVISA, UPS, Verizon, Motorola, CommVault, Thomson Reuters, ACI, BNY Mellon, Rockwell...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsFrom banking and financial transactions, transportation, warehouse automation, package...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsJust as the technical aspects of c-treeACE are flexible to meet operation requirements,...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th Dimensionc-treeACESQLiteStardog
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