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DBMS > 4D vs. Riak KV vs. SQL.JS vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Riak KV vs. SQL.JS vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSQL.JS  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storePort of SQLite to JavaScriptIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.83
Rank#106  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score6.52
Rank#65  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score1.10
Rank#169  Overall
#80  Relational DBMS
Score1.69
Rank#138  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kvsql.js.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comsql.js.org/­documentation/­index.htmldocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncBasho TechnologiesAlon Zakai infoenhancements implemented by othersOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984200920121998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.1.0, April 201511 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Sourcecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaScript
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
JavaScript APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
JavaScriptC
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScript and ErlangnoPL/SQL
Triggersyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"nonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factornoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infolinks between data sets can be storedyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesno infoexcept by serializing a db to a fileyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionRiak KVSQL.JSTimesTen
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