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DBMS > 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Redis vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Redis vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.72
Rank#93  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.42
Rank#219  Overall
#105  Relational DBMS
#12  Time Series DBMS
Score151.42
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score1.73
Rank#125  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyredis.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmredis.io/­documentationpingcap.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncMcObjectSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release1984200120092016
Current releasev17.0, July 20188.0, May 20185.0.7, November 20193.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++CGo, Rust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
proprietary protocol
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesLuano
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Master-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBRedisTiDB
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
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InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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