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DBMS > 4D vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA vs. VoltDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.64
Rank#104  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score150.05
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score51.34
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score1.76
Rank#127  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comredis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.voltdb.com
Developer4D, IncSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAPVoltDB Inc.
Initial release1984200920102010
Current releasev18.1, March 20206.0.5, June 20202.0 SPS04, April 20199.0, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCJava, C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyesyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
Java API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesLuaSQLScript, RJava
Triggersyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
yesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACIDACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyesyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionyesUsers and roles with access to stored procedures

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionRedisSAP HANAVoltDB
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