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DBMS > 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#229  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#14  Time Series DBMS
Score143.48
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score50.54
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score2.35
Rank#99  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#49  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyredis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
Developer4D, IncMcObjectSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAPOpenLink Software
Initial release19842001200920101998
Current releasev17.0, July 20188.1, November 20196.0.1, May 20202.0 SPS04, April 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageC and C++CC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Appliance or cloud-serviceAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availablenonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesLuaSQLScript, Ryes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingyesyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Master-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
yesChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionyesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBRedisSAP HANAVirtuoso
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBRedisSAP HANAVirtuoso
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