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DBMS > 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#229  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#14  Time Series DBMS
Score143.48
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score50.54
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score123.03
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyredis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hanawww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
Developer4D, IncMcObjectSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAPDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release19842001200920102000
Current releasev18.1, March 20208.1, November 20196.0.1, May 20202.0 SPS04, April 20193.32.0 (May 22, 2020), May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageC and C++CC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Appliance or cloud-serviceserver-less
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availablenonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesLuaSQLScript, Rno
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Master-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
yesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBRedisSAP HANASQLite
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBRedisSAP HANASQLite
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