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DBMS > 4D vs. Realm vs. Solr vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Realm vs. Solr vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score9.51
Rank#50  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score49.81
Rank#22  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score2.01
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comrealm.iolucene.apache.org/­solrwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comrealm.io/­docslucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.htmldocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Apache Software FoundationOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984201420061998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20218.9.0, June 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSolr Parallel SQL Interfaceyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryJava pluginsPL/SQL
Triggersyesyes infoChange Listenersyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realmyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionRealmSolrTimesTen
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionRealmSolrTimesTen
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