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DBMS > 4D vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Realm

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Our visitors often compare 4D and Realm with FileMaker, Microsoft SQL Server and MongoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#112  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score7.96
Rank#55  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comrealm.io
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comrealm.io/­docs
Developer4D, IncRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release19842014
Current releasev20, April 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92no
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionRealm
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