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DBMS > 4D vs. Riak KV vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Riak KV vs. RRDtool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score6.63
Rank#64  Overall
#8  Key-value stores
Score2.50
Rank#115  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kvoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
Developer4D, IncBasho TechnologiesTobias Oetiker
Initial release198420091999
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.1.0, April 20151.7.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
HP-UX
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nono
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnono

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionRiak KVRRDtool
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