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DBMS > 4D vs. etcd vs. eXtremeDB vs. Prometheus vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. etcd vs. eXtremeDB vs. Prometheus vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed reliable key-value storeNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score8.85
Rank#45  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score0.51
Rank#225  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score5.69
Rank#67  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score6.79
Rank#54  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.cometcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
www.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyprometheus.iowww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.cometcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
www.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmprometheus.io/­docshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
Developer4D, IncMcObjectSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release1984200120151992
Current releasev18.1, March 20203.4, August 20198.1, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageGoC and C++Go
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infosupport of XML interfaces availableno infoImport of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesnoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyesyes, watching key changesyes infoby defining eventsnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Active Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
yes infoby FederationSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionetcdeXtremeDBPrometheusSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionetcdeXtremeDBPrometheusSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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