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DBMS > 4D vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#209  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncSAP
Initial release19842014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2010
Current releasev18 R5, January 202110 R1, October 20182.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionPostgres-XLSAP HANA
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