DBMS > 4D vs. PostgreSQL vs. Transwarp KunDB
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. PostgreSQL vs. Transwarp KunDB
Please select another system to include it in the comparison.
|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison
|PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison
|Transwarp KunDB Xexclude from comparison
|Application development environment with integrated database management system
|Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
|OLTP DBMS based on a distributed architecture and highly compatible with MySQL and Oracle
|Primary database model
|Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
|Secondary database models
Graph DBMS with Apache Age
Vector DBMS with pgvector extension
|PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer
|1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
|v20, April 2023
|16.2, February 2024
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source BSD
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
|Server operating systems
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
|SQL Support of SQL
|yes close to SQL 92
|yes standard with numerous extensions
|APIs and other access methods
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages
|4D proprietary IDE
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|User concepts Access control
|Users and groups
|fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
|Related products and services
|Redgate webinars: A series of key topics for new PostgreSQL users.
Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for PostgreSQL and many other database management systems.
Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
SharePlex is the reliable and affordable data replication solution for PostgreSQL migrations, high availability and more.
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
Timescale: Calling all PostgreSQL users – the 2023 State of PostgreSQL survey is now open! Share your favorite extensions, preferred frameworks, community experiences, and more. Take the survey today!
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|4D former name: 4th Dimension
|DB-Engines blog posts
MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2023 Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
|Recent citations in the news
Best of Makers: PostgreSQL Takes a New Turn
Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL-Compatible Edition now supports PostgreSQL major version 16
Blog Theme - Details
Generally Available: Support for Cross Region Restore for PostgreSQL backups | Azure updates
OCI Database: Oracle Embraces PostgreSQL
provided by Google News
provided by Google News
Share this page