DBMS > 4D vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sphinx
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sphinx
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||Sphinx Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Application development environment with integrated database management system||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Search engine|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||4D, Inc||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Sphinx Technologies Inc.|
|Initial release||1984||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2001|
|Current release||v17.0, July 2018||12.1, November 2019||3.1.1, October 2018|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source BSD||Open Source GPL version 2, commercial licence available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||OS X|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||no|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.|
|Secondary indexes||yes||yes||yes full-text index on all search fields|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes close to SQL 92||yes standard with numerous extensions||SQL-like query language (SphinxQL)|
|APIs and other access methods||ODBC|
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||4D proprietary IDE|
|C++ unofficial client library|
Perl unofficial client library
Ruby unofficial client library
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||Sharding Partitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Master-master replication||Master-slave replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes The original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users and groups||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||no|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.|
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|4D former name: 4th Dimension||PostgreSQL||Sphinx|
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provided by Google News
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The Best Soil PH Meter In 2019
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provided by Google News
Database Programmer - 4D (4th Dimension)
Customer Excellence Coordinator - Montvale NJ
Signals Software Engineer
Oracle Database Administrator II
DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR - MID
Senior MySQL Database Administrator
SQL Server Database Administrator
Oracle Database Administrator II
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