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DBMS > 4D vs. PostgreSQL vs. ScyllaDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. PostgreSQL vs. ScyllaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLCassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.42
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score553.52
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score2.06
Rank#114  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.scylladb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.scylladb.com
Developer4D, IncPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerScyllaDB
Initial release19841989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2015
Current releasev18 R5, January 202113.2 , February 2021Scylla Open Source 4.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaS
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Proprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
For CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, Lua
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoin-memory tables
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per object
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionPostgreSQLScyllaDB
Specific characteristicsScylla is a highly-available, highly-scalable, highly-performant NoSQL database....
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...
» more
Typical application scenariosAdTech ( AdGear , Dstillery , MediaMath , Numberly , SAS , SteelHouse , Xandr) Customer...
» more
Key customersComcast, Grab, OlaCabs, Yahoo! Japan, IMVU, Adgear, Xandr, Zenly, Natura, Snapfish,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsScylla Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) Scylla Enterprise - subscription-based...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionPostgreSQLScyllaDB
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Conferences and events

Scylla University LIVE
Virtual Training, 9 AM PT - 1 PM PT / 5 PM GMT - 9 PM GMT, 22 April 2021

NoSQL and NewSQL: Tradeoffs between Scalable Performance & Consistency
Webinar, 10 AM PT / 1 PM ET / 6 PM GMT, 29 April 2021

Disney+ Hotstar: Scaling NoSQL for Millions of Video On-Demand Users
Webinar, 10 AM PT / 1 PM ET / 6 PM GMT, 13 May 2021

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