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DBMS > 4D vs. Pinecone vs. Yaacomo

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Pinecone vs. Yaacomo

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonPinecone  Xexclude from comparisonYaacomo  Xexclude from comparison
Yaacomo seems to be discontinued and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA managed, cloud-native vector databaseOpenCL based in-memory RDBMS, designed for efficiently utilizing the hardware via parallel computing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSVector DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.80
Rank#111  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score3.33
Rank#98  Overall
#2  Vector DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.pinecone.ioyaacomo.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comdocs.pinecone.io/­docs/­overview
Developer4D, IncPinecone Systems, IncQ2WEB GmbH
Initial release198420192009
Current releasev20, April 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAndroid
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesString, Number, Booleanyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionPineconeYaacomo
DB-Engines blog posts

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16 January 2024, Forbes

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14 July 2023, VentureBeat

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3 February 2024, InfoQ.com

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