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DBMS > 4D vs. Pinecone vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Pinecone vs. TempoIQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonPinecone  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA managed, cloud-native vector databaseScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSVector DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#108  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score3.16
Rank#95  Overall
#2  Vector DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.pinecone.iotempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comdocs.pinecone.io/­docs/­overview
Developer4D, IncPinecone Systems, IncTempoIQ
Initial release198420192012
Current releasev20, April 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesString, Number, Booleanyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nono
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APIHTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
PythonC#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno
Triggersyesyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupssimple authentication-based access control

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionPineconeTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

Pinecone’s new serverless database may see few takers, analysts say
17 January 2024, InfoWorld

Pinecone Unveils Serverless Vector Database for Enhanced AI Applications
16 January 2024, Datanami

Reimagining Vector Databases for the Generative AI Era with Pinecone Serverless on AWS | Amazon Web Services
21 March 2024, AWS Blog

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16 January 2024, Forbes

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provided by Google News



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