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DBMS > 4D vs. OrientDB vs. TigerGraph vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. OrientDB vs. TigerGraph vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score4.56
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score2.02
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score1.79
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comorientdb.orgwww.tigergraph.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.tigergraph.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984201020171998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.1.9, February 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query language, no joinsSQL-like query language (GSQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava, JavascriptyesPL/SQL
TriggersyesHooksnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionOrientDBTigerGraphTimesTen
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionOrientDBTigerGraphTimesTen
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