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DBMS > 4D vs. OrientDB vs. Teradata

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. OrientDB vs. Teradata

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score68.39
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comorientdb.orgwww.teradata.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.teradata.com
Developer4D, IncOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPTeradata
Initial release198420101984
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.1.9, February 2021Teradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)hosted
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash index
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL 2016 + extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava, Javascriptyes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallel
TriggersyesHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoHashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionOrientDBTeradata
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