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DBMS > 4D vs. Oracle Coherence vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Oracle Coherence vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Coherence  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOracles in-memory data grid solutionA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#110  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score2.02
Rank#131  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score1.83
Rank#141  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.oracle.com/­java/­coherencewww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­middleware/­standalone/­coherencedocs.tigergraph.com
Developer4D, IncOracle
Initial release198420072017
Current releasev20, April 202314.1, August 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JCache
JPA
RESTful HTTP API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C++
Java
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes
Triggersyesyes infoLive Eventsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, with selectable consistency level
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDconfigurableACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionallyyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsauthentification to access the cache via certificates or http basic authenticationRole-based access control

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionOracle CoherenceTigerGraph
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