DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. mSQL vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. mSQL vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#95  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score1.48
Rank#128  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.hughes.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
Developer4D, IncHughes TechnologiesOracle
Initial release198419941980
Current releasev17.0, July 20184.2, April 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree licenses can be providedcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92A subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationnoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionmSQL infoMini SQLOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionmSQL infoMini SQLOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

A Memorial to the Grandfather of Headphone Enthusiasm
15 March 2016, InnerFidelity

TransWare Offers New Translation Tools and Services for ARIS® 7.x, 9.x Full translation to Microsoft Visio® 2010, 2013 and 2016 and Many Other Modeling Tools
12 October 2015, PR Web

Writing a Web Service in Perl
13 July 2018, PCQuest

provided by Google News

Oracle Helps Customers Easily Move to Autonomous Cloud
15 January 2020, MarTech Series

For DBAs In 2020: Understand Your Worth, Seize The Moment
13 January 2020, Forbes

AWS In 2020: Top Challenge Is Oracle's Autonomous Database
3 January 2020, Cloud Wars

New Oracle Enterprise Manager release advances hybrid cloud
15 January 2020, TechTarget

Oracle just released a whopping 334 security fixes in critical patch update
16 January 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Programmer - 4D (4th Dimension)
Sweetwater Sound, Fort Wayne, IN

Customer Service Coordinator - Montvale NJ
Flight Centre, Montvale, NJ

Systems Engineer
Parsons, Fort Meade, MD

Systems Engineer
Parsons, Fort George G Meade, MD

Signals Software Engineer
Parsons, Fort Meade, MD

Oracle Database Administrator
California State University, Pomona, CA

SCADA/ADMS Systems and Database Specialist
Colorado Springs Utilities, Colorado Springs, CO

Database Analyst
Ewig Systems, New Jersey

Database Administrators
Annuk, Washington, DC

Database Administrator 2 or 3
NW Natural, Portland, OR

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here