DBMS > 4D vs. Oracle vs. TimesTen
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Oracle vs. TimesTen
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison||Oracle Xexclude from comparison||TimesTen Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Application development environment with integrated database management system||Widely used RDBMS||In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store with Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
|Developer||4D, Inc||Oracle||Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP originally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005|
|Current release||v18 R5, January 2021||21c, January 2021||11 Release 2 (188.8.131.52.0)|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C and C++|
|Server operating systems||OS X|
|Data scheme||yes||yes Schemaless in JSON and XML columns||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes close to SQL 92||yes with proprietary extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ODBC|
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages||4D proprietary IDE|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||PL/SQL also stored procedures in Java possible||PL/SQL|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||Sharding, horizontal partitioning||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no can be realized in PL/SQL||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID isolation level can be parameterized||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes by means of logfiles and checkpoints|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes Version 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Users and groups||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|3rd parties||Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.|
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|4D former name: 4th Dimension||Oracle||TimesTen|
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