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DBMS > 4D vs. Oracle vs. PieCloudDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Oracle vs. PieCloudDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPieCloudDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWidely used RDBMSA cloud-native analytic database platform with new technologoy for elastic MPP
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.88
Rank#114  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score1261.29
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#384  Overall
#158  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.oracle.com/­databaseopenpie.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
Developer4D, IncOracleOpenPie
Initial release19841980
Current releasev18 R5, January 202121c, January 20212.1, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Java
PL/SQL
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUser Roles and pluggable authentication with full SQL Standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionOraclePieCloudDB
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Recent citations in the news

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28 April 2022, Wikipedia

4th Dimension 4D Database Excessive CPU Utilization – Iowa City Technology Services
2 October 2014, iowacitytechnologyservices.com

About 4D, Inc (Software Company)
8 July 2019, solvusoft.com

ibrewster/p4d: Python database module for the 4D database system
3 December 2014, github.com

Dimension IV Consulting, LLC
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