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DBMS > 4D vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Coherence

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Coherence

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Coherence  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWidely used RDBMSOracles in-memory data grid solution
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score1262.82
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score2.61
Rank#113  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­middleware/­technologies/­coherence.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­en/­middleware/­standalone/­coherence
Developer4D, IncOracleOracle
Initial release198419802007
Current releasev18 R5, January 202119c, February 201912c, September 2016
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JCache
JPA
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyesyesyes infoLive Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, with selectable consistency level
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptionally
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardauthentification to access the cache via certificates or http basic authentication

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionOracleOracle Coherence
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