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DBMS > 4D vs. OpenEdge vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sqrrl vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. OpenEdge vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sqrrl vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache AccumuloA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score4.66
Rank#79  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Score606.56
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score2.02
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.progress.com/­openedgewww.postgresql.orgsqrrl.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latestwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.tigergraph.com
Developer4D, IncProgress Software CorporationPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release198419841989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20122017
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021OpenEdge 12.2, March 202014.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageCJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infoclose to SQL 92yes infostandard with numerous extensionsnoSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language).Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noyes
Triggersyesyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entityACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)Role-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionOpenEdgePostgreSQLSqrrlTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionOpenEdgePostgreSQLSqrrlTigerGraph
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