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DBMS > 4D vs. OmniSci vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. OmniSci vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA high performance, in-memory, column-oriented RDBMS, designed to run on GPUsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score1.38
Rank#144  Overall
#70  Relational DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.omnisci.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.omnisci.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs
Developer4D, IncMapD Technologies, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release198420161989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releasev18 R5, January 20215.6, April 202113.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++ and CUDAC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoRound robinpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018PostgreSQL
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Recent citations in the news

Understanding The Macroscope Initiative And GeoML
24 August 2021, Forbes

OmniSci Announces Multiple Opportunities To Accelerate Geospatial, GPU Database Knowledge At GTC 2021, April 12-16
12 April 2021, PRNewswire

Review: OmniSci GPU database lifts huge data sets
1 April 2019, InfoWorld

OmniSci Drops OmniSci Free Edition Analytics and Data Science Platform
9 March 2021, Solutions Review

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