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DBMS > 4D vs. ObjectBox vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. ObjectBox vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonObjectBox  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemExtremely fast embedded database for small devices, IoT and MobileWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSObject oriented DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.90
Rank#185  Overall
#9  Object oriented DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comobjectbox.iowww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.objectbox.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs
Developer4D, IncObjectBox LimitedPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release198420171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releasev18 R5, January 202113.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache License 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
iOS
Linux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Proprietary native APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Dart
Go
Java
JavaScript infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Kotlin
Python infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationonline/offline synchronization between client and serverSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionObjectBoxPostgreSQL
News

Building a Business on Open Source
1 July 2021

IoT, Edge Computing, and Digitalization in Healthcare
28 June 2021

What is an Edge Database, and why do you need one?
23 June 2021

Dart Flutter Database ObjectBox 1.0 Release
18 May 2021

Why database performance creates business value
20 February 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionObjectBoxPostgreSQL
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