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DBMS > 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Neo4j vs. Redis vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Neo4j vs. Redis vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringOpen source graph databaseIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#95  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.44
Rank#217  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
#12  Time Series DBMS
Score51.66
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score148.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score5.79
Rank#56  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyneo4j.comredis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmneo4j.com/­docsredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
Developer4D, IncMcObjectNeo4j, Inc.Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release19842001200720091992
Current releasev17.0, July 20188.0, May 20183.5.8, July 20195.0.7, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++Java, ScalaC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availablenoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
proprietary protocol
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsLuayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsyes infovia event handlernoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Master-slave replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Simple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBNeo4jRedisSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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