DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. atoti vs. Nebula Graph vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. atoti vs. Nebula Graph vs. TimesTen

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonatoti  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn in-memory DBMS combining transactional and analytical processing to handle the aggregation of ever-changing data.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSObject oriented DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#257  Overall
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#168  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score2.01
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.atoti.iogithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncActiveViamVesoft Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release198420191998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree versions availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92Multidimensional Expressions (MDX)SQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPythonPL/SQL
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocolMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiNebula GraphTimesTen
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Ecosystem Tools: Nebula Graph Dashboard for Monitoring
22 September 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: RBO
14 September 2021

Game Pocket Monsters with Nebula Graph
3 September 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: Validator
20 August 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: An Overview
13 August 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiNebula GraphTimesTen
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Overview Of Atoti: A Python BI Analytics Tool
15 May 2021, Analytics India Magazine

How Natural Language Processing Is Transforming Business Intelligence Tools
9 February 2019, Analytics India Magazine

Ensuring Business Continuity With AI During The Recession
21 April 2020, Analytics India Magazine

Semantic Segmentation with TensorFlow Keras
15 May 2021, Analytics India Magazine

Understanding Naive Bayes Classifier From Scratch
15 May 2021, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

The future of graph database: vesoft unveils Nebula Graph 2.0 GA
24 March 2021, PR Web

Announcing winners of the OTEC-Emerge Technology Awards
17 September 2021, TechNode

Nebula Graph open sources Nebula Operator, embraces cloud native
29 April 2021, PR Web

Nebula Graphâ„¢ Database Secures $10 Million VC Funding in New Round
15 December 2020, PR Web

provided by Google News

The Guy That Created SAP's Hottest Product Ever Thinks It Will Clobber Oracle
25 January 2012, Business Insider

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Communications Specialist, Hennepin County
Minnesota Judicial Branch, Minneapolis, MN

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here