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DBMS > 4D vs. Nebula Graph vs. STSdb vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Nebula Graph vs. STSdb vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#162  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.14
Rank#300  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Score1.99
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
github.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4www.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.tigergraph.com
Developer4D, IncVesoft Inc.STS Soft SC
Initial release1984201920112017
Current releasev18 R5, January 20214.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C#C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxWindowsLinux
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.no
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
.NET Client APIGSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
C#
Java
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocolnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlnoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionNebula GraphSTSdbTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more
News

Nebula Graph meetup: New Release & Use Cases
12 October 2021

Nebula Graph SWAG Ready for You!
12 October 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: Planner
11 October 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: Scheduler & Executor
8 October 2021

Ecosystem Tools: Nebula Graph Dashboard for Monitoring
22 September 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionNebula GraphSTSdbTigerGraph
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