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DBMS > 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.57
Rank#99  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.40
Rank#227  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score0.25
Rank#256  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Score145.64
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score50.82
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilygithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
redis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmdocs.nebula-graph.ioredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncMcObjectVesoft Inc.Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAP
Initial release19842001201920092010
Current releasev18.1, March 20208.1, November 20196.0.1, May 20202.0 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
LinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesStrong typed schemaschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availablenonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesLuaSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Causal Clustering using Raft protocolMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBNebula GraphRedisSAP HANA
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linear scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received over a thousand stars...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Task Manager Design in Nebula Graph
26 May 2020

Packaging with CPack in Nebula Graph
19 May 2020

Automate Workflows with Github Action in Nebula Graph
7 May 2020

D3-Force Directed Graph Layout Optimization in Nebula Graph Studio
29 April 2020

Integrating Codecov Test Coverage With Nebula Graph
21 April 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBNebula GraphRedisSAP HANA
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