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DBMS > 4D vs. atoti vs. Nebula Graph vs. Percona Server for MySQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. atoti vs. Nebula Graph vs. Percona Server for MySQL vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonatoti  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPercona Server for MySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn in-memory DBMS combining transactional and analytical processing to handle the aggregation of ever-changing data.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSEnhanced drop-in replacement for MySQL based on XtraDB or TokuDB storage engines with improved performance and additional diagnostic and management features.In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSObject oriented DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#265  Overall
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#161  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score2.50
Rank#112  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.atoti.iogithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.percona.com/­software/­mysql-database/­percona-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.percona.com/­downloads/­Percona-Server-LATESTdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncActiveViamVesoft Inc.PerconaOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984201920081998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20218.0.25-15, 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree versions availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPL version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92Multidimensional Expressions (MDX)SQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPythonyesPL/SQL
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocolMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
XtraDB Cluster
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiNebula GraphPercona Server for MySQLTimesTen
News

How to Perform Load Testing against Nebula Graph with K6
1 December 2021

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

Introducing TOSS: Achieving Eventual Consistency of Edges in Nebula Graph
11 November 2021

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiNebula GraphPercona Server for MySQLTimesTen
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