DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. Nebula Graph vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Nebula Graph vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. TimesTen

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#164  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#44  Relational DBMS
Score1.79
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmldocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncVesoft Inc.OracleOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984201920111998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202121.2, September 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemaSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoPL/SQL
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocolElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionNebula GraphOracle NoSQLTimesTen
News

How to compute the Betweenness Centrality against Nebula Graph
17 December 2021

How to Perform Load Testing against Nebula Graph with K6
1 December 2021

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionNebula GraphOracle NoSQLTimesTen
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

The future of graph database: vesoft unveils Nebula Graph 2.0 GA
24 March 2021, PR Web

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

The untapped potential of HPC + graph computing
30 October 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

The 10 Major Players in Cloud Database Management Systems, 2021
10 January 2022, Solutions Review

Oracle NoSQL database comes to the cloud
2 April 2020, TechTarget

First look: Oracle NoSQL Database
16 November 2011, InfoWorld

Oracle Announces 5 Key Enhancements to NoSQL Database
25 May 2016, Database Trends and Applications

Oracle Announces NoSQL Database Cloud Service
1 April 2020, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer
Sweetwater Sound, Fort Wayne, IN

Java developer
CalypsoWay, Boston, MA

Java Developer
CalypsoWay, Washington, NC

Java Engineer
Calypso Way, Irvine, CA

Java Developer
CalypsoWay, New York, NY

Java Developer
CalypsoWay, San Francisco, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here