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DBMS > 4D vs. Nebula Graph vs. Newts vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Nebula Graph vs. Newts vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSTime Series DBMS based on CassandraIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#164  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#351  Overall
#36  Time Series DBMS
Score1.79
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
opennms.github.io/­newtswww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.nebula-graph.iogithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikidocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncVesoft Inc.OpenNMS GroupOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984201920141998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemaschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.noyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
HTTP REST
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
JavaC
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoPL/SQL
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infobased on Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocolselectable replication factor infobased on CassandraMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionNebula GraphNewtsTimesTen
News

How to compute the Betweenness Centrality against Nebula Graph
17 December 2021

How to Perform Load Testing against Nebula Graph with K6
1 December 2021

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionNebula GraphNewtsTimesTen
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