DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#169  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score60.14
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
neo4j.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.nebula-graph.ioneo4j.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncVesoft Inc.Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release198420192007
Current releasev18 R5, January 20214.4.7, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemaschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocolCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionNebula GraphNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: Graph Composition, Cypher Tips, Dataset Analysis, Kafka Messages, Running Backups, Legal AI, and More
21 May 2022

How Knowledge Graphs Drive More Sales With Real-Time Recommendation Engines
20 May 2022

Our Journey to Self-Discovery: Synthesizing 30 Years of Data Pipelines With Knowledge Graphs
17 May 2022

How Knowledge Graphs Drive More Sales With Real-Time Recommendation Engines
16 May 2022

This Week in Neo4j: Graphs4Good, GraphQL, Game of Life, Information Extraction, Cypher Map Projection, and More
14 May 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionNebula GraphNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Nebula Graph Takes Another Step to Lead Global Graph Database Market With the Release of V3.0.0
18 February 2022, MarTech Series

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

Nebula Graph is now available from VEsoft
29 June 2020, KMWorld Magazine

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

provided by Google News

ICIJ is hiring a new Neo4j Connected Data Fellow
18 May 2022, ICIJ.org

Neo4j Appoints Chief Marketing Officer
10 May 2022, PR Newswire

One on One: with Neo4j A/NZ general manager Peter Philipp
13 May 2022, ARNnet

GPU Database Market 2022 Industry Dynamic Forces – Neo4j, Brytlyt, Blazegraph, HeteroDB, Graphistry, etc – The Daily Vale
22 May 2022, The Daily Vale

Neo4j claims to secure massive growth in APAC region - CRN - India
25 April 2022, CRN.in

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Community Evangelist
VESOFT Company Limited, California City, CA

Sales Development Representative (remote)
Neo4j, Boston, MA

NODE JS AWS
Larsen & Toubro Infotech Limited, Hartford, CT

Data Scientist (remote)
LinQuest Corporation, Beavercreek, OH

Data Analyst
McKinsey & Company, Waltham, MA

Database Administrator (AHT) – Graph DB – Neo4j
Northrop Grumman, Beavercreek, OH

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Present your product here