DBMS > 4D vs. MySQL vs. SAP HANA
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. MySQL vs. SAP HANA
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||SAP HANA Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Application development environment with integrated database management system||Widely used open source RDBMS||In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
|Developer||4D, Inc||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||SAP|
|Current release||v18 R5, January 2021||8.0.32, January 2023||2.0 SPS06 (March 4, 2022), March 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no also available as a cloud based service|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.|
|Implementation language||C and C++|
|Server operating systems||OS X|
|Appliance or cloud-service|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes close to SQL 92||yes with proprietary extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ODBC|
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
Proprietary native API
|Supported programming languages||4D proprietary IDE|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||yes proprietary syntax||SQLScript, R|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||yes|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Users and groups||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||yes|
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|4D former name: 4th Dimension||MySQL||SAP HANA|
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