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DBMS > 4D vs. MySQL vs. Prometheus vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. MySQL vs. Prometheus vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWidely used open source RDBMSOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APITime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score1206.04
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score6.44
Rank#61  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score54.58
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mysql.comprometheus.iowww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdev.mysql.com/­docprometheus.io/­docshelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSAP
Initial release1984199520152010
Current releasev18 R5, January 20218.0.27, October 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++Go
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infoImport of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntaxnoSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoby Federationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesnoyes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMySQLPrometheusSAP HANA
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