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DBMS > 4D vs. MySQL vs. NebulaGraph vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. MySQL vs. NebulaGraph vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWidely used open source RDBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.64
Rank#118  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score1205.54
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.26
Rank#181  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
Score2.02
Rank#137  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mysql.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunVesoft Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984199520191998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20218.0.31, October 202211 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Go
Java
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocolMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMySQLNebulaGraphTimesTen
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMySQLNebulaGraphTimesTen
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