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DBMS > 4D vs. MySQL vs. NebulaGraph vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. MySQL vs. NebulaGraph vs. SingleStore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWidely used open source RDBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table type
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.64
Rank#118  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score1205.54
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.26
Rank#181  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
Score7.81
Rank#58  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mysql.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.singlestore.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.singlestore.com
Developer4D, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunVesoft Inc.SingleStore Inc.
Initial release1984199520192013
Current releasev18 R5, January 20218.0.31, October 20227.6, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageC and C++C++C++, Go
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux info64 bit version required
Data schemeyesyesStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageyes infobut no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Go
Java
Python
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingSharding infohash partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculations
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesRole-based access controlFine grained access control via users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMySQLNebulaGraphSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
SingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
SingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Driving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
IEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Customers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
F ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMySQLNebulaGraphSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
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