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DBMS > 4D vs. MongoDB vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. MongoDB vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
Apache Trafodion has been retired in 2021. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Vector DBMS infocurrently available in the MongoDB Atlas cloud service only
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score429.83
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mongodb.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comwww.mongodb.com/­docs/­manualtrafodion.apache.org/­documentation.html
Developer4D, IncMongoDB, IncApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release198420092014
Current releasev20, April 20237.0.5, January 20242.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++, Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Atlas SQL Interfaceyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
GraphQL
HTTP REST
Prisma
proprietary protocol using JSON
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
yes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infocan be individually decided for each read operation
Immediate Consistency infodefault behaviour
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMongoDBTrafodion
Specific characteristicsMongoDB provides an integrated suite of cloud database and data services to accelerate...
» more
Competitive advantagesBuilt around the flexible document data model and unified API, MongoDB is a developer...
» more
Typical application scenariosAI-enriched intelligent apps (Continental, Telefonica, Iron Mountain) Internet of...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsHundreds of millions downloads, over 150,000+ Atlas clusters provisioned every month...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMongoDBTrafodion
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