DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. mSQL
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. mSQL
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||mSQL Mini SQL Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Application development environment with integrated database management system||Microsofts relational DBMS||mSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMS|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||4D, Inc||Microsoft||Hughes Technologies|
|Current release||v17.0, July 2018||SQL Server 2019, November 2019||4.2, April 2019|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial free licenses can be provided|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
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|Server operating systems||OS X|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes close to SQL 92||yes||A subset of ANSI SQL is implemented no subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggers|
|APIs and other access methods||ODBC|
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
|Supported programming languages||4D proprietary IDE|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Master-master replication||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||none|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||no|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users and groups||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||no|
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|3rd parties||ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
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|4D former name: 4th Dimension||Microsoft SQL Server||mSQL Mini SQL|
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