DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||STSdb Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Application development environment with integrated database management system||Microsofts relational DBMS||Key-Value Store with special method for indexing optimized for high performance using a special indexing method|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Key-value store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||4D, Inc||Microsoft||STS Soft SC|
|Current release||v17.0, July 2018||SQL Server 2017, October 2017|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial restricted free version is available||Open Source GPLv2, commercial license available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
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|Server operating systems||OS X|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes primitive types and user defined types (classes)|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes close to SQL 92||yes||no|
|APIs and other access methods||ODBC|
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
|.NET Client API|
|Supported programming languages||4D proprietary IDE|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Master-master replication||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Users and groups||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||no|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|4D former name: 4th Dimension||Microsoft SQL Server||STSdb|
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