DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||SAP HANA Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Application development environment with integrated database management system||Microsofts flagship relational DBMS||In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
|Current release||v18 R5, January 2021||SQL Server 2022, November 2022||2.0 SPS06 (March 4, 2022), March 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no also available as a cloud based service|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||OS X|
|Appliance or cloud-service|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes close to SQL 92||yes||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ODBC|
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
|Supported programming languages||4D proprietary IDE|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||SQLScript, R|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||yes|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||yes|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Users and groups||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.|
Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
|CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.|
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|4D former name: 4th Dimension||Microsoft SQL Server||SAP HANA|
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