DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDF4J
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDF4J
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||RDF4J formerly known as Sesame Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Application development environment with integrated database management system||Microsofts flagship relational DBMS||RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||RDF store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||4D, Inc||Microsoft||Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.|
|Current release||v18 R5, January 2021||SQL Server 2019, November 2019|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial restricted free version is available||Open Source Eclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
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|Server operating systems||OS X|
|Data scheme||yes||yes||yes RDF Schemas|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes close to SQL 92||yes||no|
|APIs and other access methods||ODBC|
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RIO RDF Input/Output
SeRQL Sesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
|Supported programming languages||4D proprietary IDE|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||yes|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID Isolation support depends on the API used|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes in-memory storage is supported as well|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Users and groups||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||no|
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|4D former name: 4th Dimension||Microsoft SQL Server||RDF4J formerly known as Sesame|
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