DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PlanetScale
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PlanetScale
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||PlanetScale Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Application development environment with integrated database management system||Microsofts flagship relational DBMS||Scalable, distributed, serverless MySQL database platform built on top of Vitess|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Current release||v18 R5, January 2021||SQL Server 2022, November 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||yes|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||OS X|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes close to SQL 92||yes||yes with proprietary extensions|
|APIs and other access methods||ODBC|
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
|Supported programming languages||4D proprietary IDE|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||yes proprietary syntax|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Eventual Consistency across shards|
Immediate Consistency within a shard
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes not for MyISAM storage engine|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID at shard level|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Users and groups||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.|
Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|4D former name: 4th Dimension||Microsoft SQL Server||PlanetScale|
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