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DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#97  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score38.96
Rank#23  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score144.81
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseredis.io
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databaseredis.io/­documentation
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release198420102009
Current releasev17.0, July 2018V125.0.8, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLLua
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version

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Related products and services
3rd partiesScaleGrid: Fully managed Redis-as-a-Service in the cloud.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureRedis
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